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Authors: Brami, Maxime
Winkelbach, Laura
Schulz, Ilektra
Schreiber, Mona
Blöcher, Jens
Diekmann, Yoan
Burger, Joachim
Title: Was the fishing village of Lepenski Vir built by Europe’s first farmers?
Online publication date: 9-Jan-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: It is now widely accepted that agriculture and settled village life arrived in Europe as a cultural package, carried by people migrating from Anatolia and the Aegean Basin. The putative fisher-forager site of Lepenski Vir in Serbia has long been acknowledged as an exception to this model. Here, the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition—possibly inspired by interaction with the new arrivals—was thought to have taken place autochthonously on site. Our reinterpretation, based on ancient genomes, as well as archaeological and isotopic evidence, indicates that here, too, house construction, early village society and agriculture were primarily associated with Europe’s first farmers, thus challenging the long-held view of Lepenski Vir as a Mesolithic community that adopted Neolithic practices. Although aspects of the site's occupation, such as the trapezoidal houses, were inspired by local Mesolithic traditions, it is far from certain that the village was founded by Iron Gates foragers. A detailed timeline of population changes at the site suggests that Aegean incomers did not simply integrate into an established Mesolithic society, but rather founded new lineages and households. Iron Gates foragers and their admixed descendants largely appear to have been buried separately, on the fringes of the settlement. The diet of those buried outside in pits shows no major shift from aquatic to terrestrial food resources.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Journal of world prehistory
Pages or article number: 109
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Publisher place: New York, NY u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1573-7802
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10963-022-09169-9
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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