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Authors: Mayer, Arnulf
Wenzel, Witali
Wollschläger, Daniel
Bostel, Tilman
Krüger, Maximilian
Matthias, Christoph
Schmidberger, Heinz
Title: Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in elderly patients with head and neck cancer : a monoinstitutional, two-to-one pair-matching analysis
Online publication date: 21-Dec-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Purpose About one fifth of patients with head and neck cancer are aged 70 years and older at the time of diagnosis. In these patients, risk factors (R1 status or extracapsular extension of lymph node metastases, ECE) often lead to a need for combined chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in the postoperative setting. However, there is considerable concern about the toxicity of such therapy in this age group. Methods Retrospective evaluation of the data of 53 patients ≥ 70 years of age who underwent surgery in our hospital between 1999 and 2015 for tumors of the oral cavity, the oropharynx, the hypopharynx, or the larynx, who subsequently received adjuvant radiation therapy. Two younger patients (< 70 years) were assigned to each of the elderly patients in a matching procedure based on anatomic sublocalization and tumor stage. The total cohort was comprised of 154 patients. Results Univariate analyses revealed a statistically significant influence of many factors on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), including Karnofsky performance score (KPS), alcohol consumption, smoking, R status, ECE, chemotherapy, and discontinuation of RT. Younger patients had better OS and PFS compared to the elderly (p = 0.013 and 0.012, respectively). In a multivariate Cox regression, no independent influence of age on OS and PFS was found. Survival was primarily dependent on the addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy (RT), application of the full course of RT, continued alcohol abuse, KPS, and the presence of ECE. Toxicity analysis showed a higher incidence of chronic renal failure but, generally, side effects for elderly patients were not substantially greater. Conclusion Performance status and behavioral risk factors but not chronological age are crucial for the prognosis of patients who require adjuvant chemoradiation.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
Pages or article number: 159
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Berlin u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1439-099X
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00066-021-01890-2
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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