Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Niu, Ran
Heidt, Sabrina
Sreij, Ramsia
Dekker, Riande I.
Hofmann, Maximilian
Palberg, Thomas
Title: Formation of a transient amorphous solid in low density aqueous charged sphere suspensions
Online publication date: 21-Oct-2022
Year of first publication: 2017
Language: english
Abstract: Colloidal glasses formed from hard spheres, nearly hard spheres, ellipsoids and platelets or their attractive variants, have been studied in great detail. Complementing and constraining theoretical approaches and simulations, the many different types of model systems have significantly advanced our understanding of the glass transition in general. Despite their early prediction, however, no experimental charged sphere glasses have been found at low density, where the competing process of crystallization prevails. We here report the formation of a transient amorphous solid formed from charged polymer spheres suspended in thoroughly deionized water at volume fractions of 0.0002–0.01. From optical experiments, we observe the presence of short-range order and an enhanced shear rigidity as compared to the stable polycrystalline solid of body centred cubic structure. On a density dependent time scale of hours to days, the amorphous solid transforms into this stable structure. We further present preliminary dynamic light scattering data showing the evolution of a second slow relaxation process possibly pointing to a dynamic heterogeneity known from other colloidal glasses and gels. We compare our findings to the predicted phase behaviour of charged sphere suspensions and discuss possible mechanisms for the formation of this peculiar type of colloidal glass.
DDC: 530 Physik
530 Physics
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 08 Physik, Mathematik u. Informatik
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Scientific reports
Pages or article number: Art. 17044
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2017
ISSN: 2045-2322
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-17106-6
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
formation_of_a_transient_amor-20220925175944678.pdf2.08 MBAdobe PDFView/Open