Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Spang, Arne
Baumann, Tobias
Kaus, Boris
Title: A multiphysics approach to constrain the dynamics of the Altiplano-Puna magmatic system
Online publication date: 9-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Continuous Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) monitoring (>25 years) has revealed a concentric surface deformation pattern above the Altiplano-Puna magma body (APMB) in the central Andes. Here, we use a joint interpretation of seismic imaging, gravity anomalies, and InSAR data to constrain location, 3D geometry, and density of the magma body. By combining gravity modeling, thermomechanical modeling, scaling law analysis, and Bayesian inference, we are able to create a relationship between the geometry of a mid-crustal magma body and surface observations. Furthermore, we can estimate the uncertainties associated with the geometry of the APMB and identify the most important parameters that control the dynamics of the system. We constrain the density contrast between the APMB and the surrounding host rock to 90–130 kg m−3 (2σ) and the associated melt fraction to 15%–22%. Our visco-elasto-plastic 3D thermomechanical model reproduces the observed surface deformation self-consistently by buoyancy driven magma transport without the need for additional pressure sources. The flow pattern is controlled by a central rise at the top of the APMB whose geometry can be constrained with the help of InSAR observations while Bouguer anomalies constrain the deeper parts of the APMB. Automated scaling law analysis shows that the rheology of the upper crust and the magma mush as well as the density contrast between the two are the most important parameters in the system and need to be constrained for a better understanding of the subsurface processes.
DDC: 550 Geowissenschaften
550 Earth sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Journal of geophysical research : B, Solid earth
Pages or article number: e2021JB021725
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 2169-9356
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2021JB021725
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
a_multiphysics_approach_to_co-20221017114653317.pdf2.72 MBAdobe PDFView/Open