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Authors: Chmitorz, Andrea
Wenzel, Mario
Stieglitz, Rolf-Dieter
Kunzler, Angela
Bagusat, Christiana
Helmreich, Isabella
Gerlicher, Anna
Kampa, Miriam
Kubiak, Thomas
Kalisch, Raffael
Lieb, Klaus
Tüscher, Oliver
Title: Population-based validation of a German version of the Brief Resilience Scale
Online publication date: 8-Aug-2018
Language: english
Abstract: Smith and colleagues developed the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) to assess the individual ability to recover from stress despite significant adversity. This study aimed to validate the German version of the BRS. We used data from a population-based (sample 1: n = 1.481) and a representative (sample 2: n = 1.128) sample of participants from the German general population (age ≥ 18) to assess reliability and validity. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to compare one- and two-factorial models from previous studies with a method-factor model which especially accounts for the wording of the items. Reliability was analyzed. Convergent validity was measured by correlating BRS scores with mental health measures, coping, social support, and optimism. Reliability was good (α = .85, ω = .85 for both samples). The method-factor model showed excellent model fit (sample 1: χ2/df = 7.544; RMSEA = .07; CFI = .99; SRMR = .02; sample 2: χ2/df = 1.166; RMSEA = .01; CFI = 1.00; SRMR = .01) which was significantly better than the one-factor model (Δχ2(4) = 172.71, p < .001) or the two-factor model (Δχ2(3) = 31.16, p < .001). The BRS was positively correlated with well-being, social support, optimism, and the coping strategies active coping, positive reframing, acceptance, and humor. It was negatively correlated with somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, depression, and the coping strategies religion, denial, venting, substance use, and self-blame. To conclude, our results provide evidence for the reliability and validity of the German adaptation of the BRS as well as the unidimensional structure of the scale once method effects are accounted for.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-584135
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: PLOS ONE
Pages or article number: e0192761
Publisher: PLOS
Publisher place: San Francisco, California, US
Issue date: 2018
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192761
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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