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Autoren: Chmitorz, Andrea
Wenzel, Mario
Stieglitz, Rolf-Dieter
Kunzler, Angela
Bagusat, Christiana
Helmreich, Isabella
Gerlicher, Anna
Kampa, Miriam
Kubiak, Thomas
Kalisch, Raffael
Lieb, Klaus
Tüscher, Oliver
Titel: Population-based validation of a German version of the Brief Resilience Scale
Online-Publikationsdatum: 8-Aug-2018
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Smith and colleagues developed the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) to assess the individual ability to recover from stress despite significant adversity. This study aimed to validate the German version of the BRS. We used data from a population-based (sample 1: n = 1.481) and a representative (sample 2: n = 1.128) sample of participants from the German general population (age ≥ 18) to assess reliability and validity. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to compare one- and two-factorial models from previous studies with a method-factor model which especially accounts for the wording of the items. Reliability was analyzed. Convergent validity was measured by correlating BRS scores with mental health measures, coping, social support, and optimism. Reliability was good (α = .85, ω = .85 for both samples). The method-factor model showed excellent model fit (sample 1: χ2/df = 7.544; RMSEA = .07; CFI = .99; SRMR = .02; sample 2: χ2/df = 1.166; RMSEA = .01; CFI = 1.00; SRMR = .01) which was significantly better than the one-factor model (Δχ2(4) = 172.71, p < .001) or the two-factor model (Δχ2(3) = 31.16, p < .001). The BRS was positively correlated with well-being, social support, optimism, and the coping strategies active coping, positive reframing, acceptance, and humor. It was negatively correlated with somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, depression, and the coping strategies religion, denial, venting, substance use, and self-blame. To conclude, our results provide evidence for the reliability and validity of the German adaptation of the BRS as well as the unidimensional structure of the scale once method effects are accounted for.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
ROR: https://ror.org/023b0x485
DOI: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-803
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-584135
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Zeitschrift: PLOS ONE
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Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: e0192761
Verlag: PLOS
Verlagsort: San Francisco, California, US
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
ISSN: 1932-6203
URL der Originalveröffentlichung: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192761
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192761
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