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Authors: Halbroth, Benedict R.
Heil, Alexander
Distler, Eva
Dass, Martin
Wagner, Eva Maria
Plachter, Bodo
Probst, Hans Christian
Strand, Dennis
Hartwig, Udo
Karner, Anita
Aichinger, Gerald
Kistner, Otfried
Landfester, Katharina
Herr, Wolfgang
Title: Superior in vitro stimulation of human CD8+ T-cells by whole virus versus split virus influenza vaccines
Online publication date: 6-Oct-2022
Year of first publication: 2014
Language: english
Abstract: Pandemic and seasonal influenza viruses cause considerable morbidity and mortality in the general human population. Protection from severe disease may result from vaccines that activate antigen-presenting DC for effective stimulation of influenza-specific memory T cells. Special attention is paid to vaccine-induced CD8+ T-cell responses, because they are mainly directed against conserved internal influenza proteins thereby presumably mediating cross-protection against circulating seasonal as well as emerging pandemic virus strains. Our study showed that influenza whole virus vaccines of major seasonal A and B strains activated DC more efficiently than those of pandemic swine-origin H1N1 and pandemic-like avian H5N1 strains. In contrast, influenza split virus vaccines had a low ability to activate DC, regardless which strain was investigated. We also observed that whole virus vaccines stimulated virus-specific CD8+ memory T cells much stronger compared to split virus counterparts, whereas both vaccine formats activated CD4+ Th cell responses similarly. Moreover, our data showed that whole virus vaccine material is delivered into the cytosolic pathway of DC for effective activation of virus-specific CD8+ T cells. We conclude that vaccines against seasonal and pandemic (-like) influenza strains that aim to stimulate cross-reacting CD8+ T cells should include whole virus rather than split virus formulations.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: PLoS one
Pages or article number: e103392
Publisher: PLoS
Publisher place: Lawrence, Kan.
Issue date: 2014
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103392
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

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