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Autoren: Henz, Diana
Schöllhorn, Wolfgang
Titel: Dynamic office environments improve brain activity and attentional performance mediated by increased motor activity
Online-Publikationsdatum: 23-Apr-2019
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Current research demonstrates beneficial effects of physical activity on brain functions and cognitive performance. To date, less is known on the effects of movements that do not fall into the category of sports related aerobic or anaerobic exercise but involve gross motor movements. In previous studies, we found beneficial effects of dynamic working environments, i.e. environments that allow movements during cognitive task performance, on cognitive performance and the corresponding brain activity. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a dynamic and a static office environment on attentional and vigilance performance and on the corresponding EEG brain activation patterns. In a two-week intervention, participants worked either in a dynamic or a static office. In each intervention group, twelve subjects performed attentional and vigilance tasks. Spontaneous electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was measured on the first, and on the last experimental session continuously before, during, and immediately after each intervention session. EEG was recorded from nineteen electrodes. Results showed differences in EEG brain activity in the dynamic compared to the static office at the beginning as well as at the end of the intervention. EEG theta power was increased in the vigilance task in anterior regions, alpha power in central and parietal regions in the dynamic compared to the static office. Further, increases in beta activity in the attention and vigilance test were shown in the dynamic compared to the static office. Beta power was increased in frontal and central regions. Gamma power was increased in the d2-R test in frontal and central regions. After two weeks, the effects on brain activity increased for the attentional and the vigilance task in the dynamic office. Increased theta and alpha oscillations were obtained in anterior areas with increased activity in the beta and gamma bands in anterior and central areas in the dynamic compared to the static office. EEG oscillatory patterns indicate beneficial effects of dynamic office environments on attentional and vigilance performance that are mediated by increased motor activity. We discuss the obtained patterns of EEG oscillations in terms of the close interrelations between the attentional and the motor system.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 796 Sport
796 Athletic and outdoor sports and games
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
ROR: https://ror.org/023b0x485
DOI: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-774
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-590417
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Zeitschrift: Frontiers in human neuroscience
13
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: Art. 121
Verlag: Frontiers Research Foundation
Verlagsort: Lausanne
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
ISSN: 1662-5161
URL der Originalveröffentlichung: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2019.00121
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00121
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