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Autoren: Cuppari, Anna
Körschgen, Hagen
Fahrenkamp, Dirk
Schmitz, Carlo
Guevara, Tibisay
Karmilin, Konstantin
Kuske, Michael
Olf, Mario
Dietzel, Eileen
Yiallouros, Irene
de Sanctis, Daniele
Goulas, Theodoros
Weiskirchen, Ralf
Jahnen-Dechent, Willi
Floehr, Julia
Stöcker, Walter
Jovine, Luca
Gomis-Rüth, F. Xavier
Titel: Structure of mammalian plasma fetuin-B and its mechanism of selective metallopeptidase inhibition
Online-Publikationsdatum: 12-Apr-2019
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Mammalian fetuin-A and fetuin-B are abundant serum proteins with pleiotropic functions. Fetuin-B is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of metallo­peptidases (MPs) of the astacin family, which includes ovastacin in mammals. By inhibiting ovastacin, fetuin-B is essential for female fertility. The crystal structure of fetuin-B was determined unbound and in complex with archetypal astacin, and it was found that the inhibitor has tandem cystatin-type modules (CY1 and CY2). They are connected by an exposed linker with a rigid, disulfide-linked CPDCP-trunk', and are followed by a C-terminal region (CTR) with little regular secondary structure. The CPDCP-trunk and a hairpin of CY2 form a bipartite wedge, which slots into the active-site cleft of the MP. These elements occupy the nonprimed and primed sides of the cleft, respectively, but spare the specificity pocket so that the inhibitor is not cleaved. The aspartate in the trunk blocks the catalytic zinc of astacin, while the CY2 hairpin binds through a QWVXGP motif. The CY1 module assists in structural integrity and the CTR is not involved in inhibition, as verified by in vitro studies using a cohort of mutants and variants. Overall, the inhibition conforms to a novel raised-elephant-trunk' mechanism for MPs, which is reminiscent of single-domain cystatins that target cysteine peptidases. Over 200 sequences from vertebrates have been annotated as fetuin-B, underpinning its ubiquity and physiological relevance; accordingly, sequences with conserved CPDCP- and QWVXGP-derived motifs have been found from mammals to cartilaginous fishes. Thus, the raised-elephant-trunk mechanism is likely to be generally valid for the inhibition of astacins by orthologs of fetuin-B.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 10 Biologie
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-590308
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: IUCrJ
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 317
Verlag: International Union of Crystallography
Verlagsort: Chester
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
ISSN: 2052-2525
URL der Originalveröffentlichung:
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1107/S2052252519001568
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