Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-7427
Authors: Klein, Eva M.
Brähler, Elmar
Dreier, Michael
Reinecke, Leonard
Müller, Kai
Schmutzer, Gabriele
Wölfling, Klaus
Beutel, Manfred E.
Title: The German version of the Perceived Stress Scale : psychometric characteristics in a representative German community sample
Online publication date: 15-Jul-2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background The Perceived Stress Scale Cohen (J Health Soc Behav 24:385-96, 1983) is a widely and well-established self-report scale measuring perceived stress. However, the German version of the PSS-10 has not yet been validated. Thus, the purposes of this representative study were to psychometrically evaluate the PSS-10, and to provide norm values for the German population. Methods The PSS-10 and standardized scales of depression, anxiety, fatigue, procrastination and life satisfaction were administered to a representative, randomly selected German community sample consisting of 1315 females and 1148 male participants in the age range from 14 to 90 years. Results The results demonstrated a good internal consistency and construct validity. Perceived stress was consistently associated with depression, anxiety, fatigue, procrastination and reduced life satisfaction. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a bi-dimensional structure with two related latent factors. Regarding demographic variables, women reported a higher level of stress than men. Perceived stress decreased with higher education, income and employment status. Older and married participants felt less stressed than younger and unmarried participants. Conclusion The PSS-10 is a reliable, valid and economic instrument for assessing perceived stress. As psychological stress is associated with an increased risk of diseases, identifying subpopulations with higher levels of stress is essential. Due to the dependency of the perceived stress level on demographic variables, particularly age and sex, differentiated norm values are needed, which are provided in this paper.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
ROR: https://ror.org/023b0x485
DOI: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-7427
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Journal: BMC psychiatry
16
Pages or article number: Art. 159
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2016
ISSN: 1471-244X
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-0875-9
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-0875-9
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

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