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Authors: Hasibeder, Astrid
Stein, Pamela
Brandwijk, Ricardo
Schild, Hansjörg
Radsak, Markus
Title: Evaluation and validation of the detection of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Online publication date: 12-Jul-2022
Language: english
Abstract: Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 plays an important role in innate immune responses and is upregulated under infectious as well as non-infectious conditions. In addition, a soluble TREM-1 variant (sTREM-1) is detectable in sera or bronchoalveolar-lavage fluids from patients. Currently, various studies are difficult to compare, since the methods of detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) vary among different research groups. In this study, we compared three different s-TREM-1 specific ELISAs and identified individual assay characteristics finding notable differences in sTREM-1 concentrations in part depending on the employed buffers. Investigating potential confounding factors for sTREM-1 detection, serum heat-inactivation (HI) showed improved recovery compared to non-HI (NHI) serum, reproducible by addition of complement and re-heat-inactivation. Hence we identified complement as a heat-sensitive confounder in some sTREM-1 ELISAs. We conclude that it is difficult to directly compare data of several studies, in particular if different ELISAs are engaged. Immunoassays for research use only are in general hampered by lack of standardization. Further standardization is needed until sTREM-1 ELISA is capable for better reproducibility of studies and clinical application.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Scientific reports
Pages or article number: Art. 15381
Publisher: Nature Publ. Group
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2015
ISSN: 2045-2322
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/srep15381
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

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