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Autoren: Ahrens, Kira Florence
Neumann, Rebecca J.
Kollmann, Bianca
Brokelmann, J.
Werthern, Nina Margarete von
Malyshau, Aliaksandr
Weichert, D.
Lutz, B.
Fiebach, Christian J.
Wessa, Michèle
Kalisch, Raffael
Plichta, Michael M.
Lieb, Klaus
Tüscher, Oliver
Reif, Andreas
Titel: Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on mental health in Germany : longitudinal observation of different mental health trajectories and protective factors
Online-Publikationsdatum: 6-Jul-2022
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting measures can be regarded as a global stressor. Cross-sectional studies showed rather negative impacts on people’s mental health, while longitudinal studies considering pre-lockdown data are still scarce. The present study investigated the impact of COVID-19 related lockdown measures in a longitudinal German sample, assessed since 2017. During lockdown, 523 participants completed additional weekly online questionnaires on e.g., mental health, COVID-19-related and general stressor exposure. Predictors for and distinct trajectories of mental health outcomes were determined, using multilevel models and latent growth mixture models, respectively. Positive pandemic appraisal, social support, and adaptive cognitive emotion regulation were positively, whereas perceived stress, daily hassles, and feeling lonely negatively related to mental health outcomes in the entire sample. Three subgroups (“recovered,” 9.0%; “resilient,” 82.6%; “delayed dysfunction,” 8.4%) with different mental health responses to initial lockdown measures were identified. Subgroups differed in perceived stress and COVID-19-specific positive appraisal. Although most participants remained mentally healthy, as observed in the resilient group, we also observed inter-individual differences. Participants’ psychological state deteriorated over time in the delayed dysfunction group, putting them at risk for mental disorder development. Consequently, health services should especially identify and allocate resources to vulnerable individuals.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
ROR: https://ror.org/023b0x485
DOI: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-7320
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Zeitschrift: Translational Psychiatry
11
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 392
Verlag: Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort: London
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
ISSN: 2158-3188
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1038/s41398-021-01508-2
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