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Autoren: Möller, Nadir
Liebchen, Benno
Palberg, Thomas
Titel: Shaping the gradients driving phoretic micro-swimmers : influence of swimming speed, budget of carbonic acid and environment
Online-Publikationsdatum: 4-Jul-2022
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: pH gradient-driven modular micro-swimmers are investigated as a model for a large variety of quasi-two-dimensional chemi-phoretic self-propelled entities. Using three-channel micro-photometry, we obtain a precise large field mapping of pH at a spatial resolution of a few microns and a pH resolution of ∼0.02 pH units for swimmers of different velocities propelling on two differently charged substrates. We model our results in terms of solutions of the three-dimensional advection–diffusion equation for a 1:1 electrolyte, i.e. carbonic acid, which is produced by ion exchange and consumed by equilibration with dissolved CO2. We demonstrate the dependence of gradient shape and steepness on swimmer speed, diffusivity of chemicals, as well as the fuel budget. Moreover, we experimentally observe a subtle, but significant feedback of the swimmer’s immediate environment in terms of a substrate charge-mediated solvent convection. We discuss our findings in view of different recent results from other micro-fluidic or active matter investigations. We anticipate that they are relevant for quantitative modelling and targeted applications of diffusio-phoretic flows in general and artificial micro-swimmers in particular.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 530 Physik
530 Physics
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 08 Physik, Mathematik u. Informatik
MaxPlanck GraduateCenter
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: The European physical journal : E, Soft matter
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 41
Verlag: Springer
Verlagsort: Berlin u.a.
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
ISSN: 1292-895X
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1140/epje/s10189-021-00026-9
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