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Autoren: Ernst, Mareike
Brähler, Elmar
Wild, Philipp S.
Faber, Jörg
Merzenich, Hiltrud
Beutel, Manfred E.
Titel: The desire for children among adult survivors of childhood cancer : psychometric evaluation of a cancer-specific questionnaire and relations with sociodemographic and psychological characteristics
Online-Publikationsdatum: 8-Jun-2022
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: OBJECTIVE Long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are less likely to become parents than their peers of the same age. Previous research has suggested that besides fertility, this outcome is shaped by psychosocial factors such as emotional motives toward having a child. Drawing from a sample of CCS with survival times >25 years, we present the validation of a questionnaire assessing cancer-specific reproductive motives and concerns. METHODS We evaluated the cancer-specific version of the Leipzig Questionnaire of Motives to have a Child (LKM-C) in a register-based sample of adult CCS (N = 632, 31% had children, 44.5% women). We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis and tested associations with sociodemographic characteristics and psychological symptoms (PHQ-9, GAD-2). RESULTS The questionnaire showed good item discrimination parameters and reliability (α = 0.86). The two-factorial structure was confirmed with the independent scales “return to normalcy” and “illness-related worries (child's/own health).” On average, CCS reported more motives in favor of a child than worries (P < .001; d = 1.12). Favorable attitudes were associated with the presence of a partnership and children, stronger current desire for a child, and fewer depressive symptoms. Worries were associated with an unfulfilled desire to have a child and elevated levels of depression and anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSIONS The LKM-C offers a brief measure of parenthood motivations in long-term CCS. Having a child signifies return to normalcy, health, fulfillment of life perspectives, and enrichment of the partnership. Less intense worries included illnesses of the child and concerns regarding one's own health. The questionnaire could inform follow-up care, psychotherapy, and fertility treatments.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY-NC
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Zeitschrift: Psycho-oncology
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 485
Verlag: Wiley
Verlagsort: New York, NY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
ISSN: 1099-1611
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1002/pon.5285
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