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Authors: Guardo, Roberto
De Siena, Luca
Title: Semi-automated inversion-specific data selection for volcano tomography
Online publication date: 13-May-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Active seismic experiments allow reconstructing the subsurface structure of volcanoes with unprecedented resolution and are vital to improve the interpretation of volcanic processes. They require a quality assessment for thousands of seismic waveforms recorded at hundreds of stations in the shortest amount of time. However, the processing necessary to obtain reliable images from such massive datasets demands signal processing and selection strategies specific to the inversions attempted. Here, we present a semi-automated workflow for data selection and inversion of amplitude-dependent information using the original TOMODEC2005 dataset, recorded at Deception Island (Antarctica). The workflow is built to tomographic techniques using amplitude information, and can be generalised to passive seismic imaging. It first selects data depending on standard attributes, like the presence of zeroes across all seismic waveforms. Then, waveform selections depend on inversion-specific attributes, like the delay of the maximum amplitude of the waveform or the quality of coda-wave decays. The automatic workflow and final visual selections produce a dataset reconstructing anomalies at a node spacing of 2 km, imaging a high-attenuation anomaly in the centre of the Deception Island bay, consistent with previously-published maps. Attenuation models are then obtained at a node spacing of 1 km, highlighting bodies of highest attenuation scattered across the island and a NW-SE trend in the high-attenuation anomaly in the central bay. These results show the effect of the local extension regime on volcanic structures, providing details on the eruptive history and evolution of the shallow magmatic and hydrothermal systems. The selection workflow can be easily generalised to other amplitude-dependent tomographic techniques when applied to active seismic surveys. Image improvements from the original dataset are minor when selecting data using standard attributes, like signal-to-noise ratios. Tomographic maps become drastically more stable and consistent between different frequencies and resolutions when data selection targets attributes specific to the inversion.
DDC: 550 Geowissenschaften
550 Earth sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Frontiers in Earth Science
Pages or article number: 849152
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Publisher place: Lausanne
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2296-6463
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/feart.2022.849152
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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