Bitte benutzen Sie diese Kennung, um auf die Ressource zu verweisen:
Autoren: Claßen-Bockhoff, Regine
Frankenhäuser, Hebert
Titel: The ‘male flower’ of Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) interpreted as a multi-flowered unit
Online-Publikationsdatum: 21-Okt-2020
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: One of the most exciting questions in botany refers to the nature of the angiosperm flower. While most flowering structures are easily identified as flowers, there are few examples lying in-between flowers and inflorescences. Such an example is the staminate unit (‘male flower’) in Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) famous for its branched ‘staminal trees.’ The units were controversially interpreted in the past. Today, they are seen as flowers with multiple branched stamen-fascicles. In the present paper, the recently described floral unit meristem is used to reinterpret the staminate units in Ricinus. This meristem shares almost all characteristics with a flower meristem, but differs from it in the number of fractionation steps resulting in multi-flowered units. Reinvestigation of the development confirms previous studies illustrating up to six fractionation steps before the meristem merges into anther-formation. Fractionation starts early at a naked meristem, covers simultaneously its whole surface, shows an all-side instead of unidirectional splitting pattern and continues repeatedly. Based on the present knowledge, it is plausible to interpret the ‘male flower’ as a floral unit with multiple staminate flowers each reduced to a single anther. This interpretation is in accordance with the many examples of reduced flowers in the Euphorbiaceae.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 10 Biologie
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: Frontiers in cell and developmental biology
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: Art. 313
Verlag: Frontiers Media
Verlagsort: Lausanne
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
ISSN: 2296-634X
URL der Originalveröffentlichung:
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.3389/fcell.2020.00313
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:JGU-Publikationen

Dateien zu dieser Ressource:
  Datei Beschreibung GrößeFormat
claßen_bockhoff_regine-the_‘male_flow-20201021094129518.pdf3.52 MBAdobe PDFÖffnen/Anzeigen