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Authors: Waldron, Elaine
Title: LRP1 modulates APP trafficking and APP metabolism within compartments of the secretory pathway. Increased AICD generation is ineffective in nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation
Online publication date: 15-Jan-2008
Language: english
Abstract: LRP1 modulates APP trafficking and metabolism within compartments of the secretory pathway The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is the parent protein to the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) and is a central player in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. Abeta liberation depends on APP cleavage by beta- and gamma-secretases. To date, only a unilateral view of APP processing exists, excluding other proteins, which might be transported together and/or processed dependent on each other by the secretases described above. The low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) was shown to function as such a mediator of APP processing at multiple steps. Newly synthesized LRP1 can interact with APP, implying an interaction between these two proteins early in the secretory pathway. Therefore, we wanted to investigate whether LRP1 can mediate APP trafficking along the secretory pathway, and, if so, whether it affects APP processing. Indeed, we demonstrate that APP trafficking is strongly influenced by LRP1 transport through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi compartments. LRP1-constructs with ER- and Golgi-retention motifs (LRP-CT KKAA, LRP-CT KKFF) had the capacity to retard APP trafficking at the respective steps in the secretory pathway. Here, we provide evidence that APP metabolism occurs in close conjunction with LRP1 trafficking, highlighting a new role of lipoprotein receptors in neurodegenerative diseases. Increased AICD generation is ineffective in nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity A sequence of amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavages gives rise to the APP intracellular domain (AICD) together with amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) and/or p3 fragment. One of the environmental factors identified favouring the accumulation of AICD appears to be a rise in intracellular pH. This accumulation is a result of an abrogated cleavage event and does not extend to other secretase substrates. AICD can activate the transcription of artificially expressed constructs and many downstream gene targets have been discussed. Here we further identified the metabolism and subcellular localization of the constructs used in this well documented gene reporter assay. We also co-examined the mechanistic lead up to the AICD accumulation and explored possible significances for its increased expression. We found that most of the AICD generated under pH neutralized conditions is likely that cleaved from C83. Furthermore, the AICD surplus is not transcriptionally active but rather remains membrane tethered and free in the cytosol where it interacts with Fe65. However, Fe65 is still essential in AICD mediated transcriptional transactivation although its exact role in this set of events is unclear.
DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften
500 Natural sciences and mathematics
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-15350
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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