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Authors: Doroshenko, Mikheil
Title: Diffusion in heterogeneous systems studied by laser scanning confocal microscopy and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
Online publication date: 20-Mar-2014
Language: english
Abstract: Understanding and controlling the mechanism of the diffusion of small molecules, macromolecules and nanoparticles in heterogeneous environments is of paramount fundamental and technological importance. The aim of the thesis is to show, how by studying the tracer diffusion in complex systems, one can obtain information about the tracer itself, and the system where the tracer is diffusing. rnIn the first part of my thesis I will introduce the Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS) which is a powerful tool to investigate the diffusion of fluorescent species in various environments. By using the main advantage of FCS namely the very small probing volume (<1µm3) I was able to track the kinetics of phase separation in polymer blends at late stages by looking on the molecular tracer diffusion in individual domains of the heterogeneous structure of the blend. The phase separation process at intermediate stages was monitored with laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) in real time providing images of droplet coalescence and growth. rnIn a further project described in my thesis I will show that even when the length scale of the heterogeneities becomes smaller than the FCS probing volume one can still obtain important microscopic information by studying small tracer diffusion. To do so, I will introduce a system of star shaped polymer solutions and will demonstrate that the mobility of small molecular tracers on microscopic level is nearly not affected by the transition of the polymer system to a â glassyâ macroscopic state. rnIn the last part of the thesis I will introduce and describe a new stimuli responsive system which I have developed, that combines two levels of nanoporosity. The system is based on poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (PNIPAM) and silica inverse opals (iOpals), and allows controlling the diffusion of tracer molecules. rn
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: Externe Einrichtungen
Place: Mainz
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: in Copyright
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Extent: 113 S.
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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