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Authors: Comagic, Slobodan
Title: Synthese und radioaktive Markierung potentieller PET- bzw. SPECT-Liganden zur Quantifizierung und Visualisierung der pankreatischen beta-Zell-Masse
Online publication date: 3-Dec-2004
Year of first publication: 2004
Language: german
Abstract: Abstract Due to the ongoing efforts in transplanting b-cell mass there is also a great medical interest in specific b-cell imaging agents to quantify the acceptance of transplanted islets in humans in vivo. Additionally, in the context of type 1 diabetes mellitus the chronic and progressive loss of b-cells caused by autoimmune destruction has led to concerted efforts to prevent further loss of b-cells by autoantigen-specific immunotherapy of pre-diabetic patients. nateglinide and glibenclamide are SUR1 ligands used to stimulate insulin secretion in type 2 diabetic patients. They bind to a class of molecules known as the ATP-sensitive potassium channels, located on the insulin producing b-cells of the islets of Langerhans and are therefore excellent candidates as b-cell specific tracers. To obtain a precursor for a direct labelling of nateglinide with [18F]fluoride, the aromatic system of the phenylalanine structure element was derivatised to obtain a phenolic OH-group in 4-position which is capable of further derivatisation. The formed phenylether N-(trans-4-isopropylcyclohexanecarbonyl)-O-(2-hydroxyethyl)-D-tyrosin benzylester was tried to be tosylated according to several literature procedures but none of them was applicable. The catalytic influence of ytterbium(III)triflate in the reaction of toluenesulfonic acid anhydride and the alcohol was investigated. It was found that Yb(III) facilitates the tosylation of the alcohol under non-basic conditions and was extended to the tosylation of a great variety of different alcohols to prove its applicability in general. The radioactive labelling of N-(trans-4-isopropyl-cyclohexanecarbonyl)-O-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)- D-tyrosine with [18F]F-/ Kryptofix® 222/ K2CO3-system was achieved in radiochemical yields (RCY) of 10 % after deprotection with Pd/ C and H2. In addition to the direct labelling approach, a labelling procedure applying 2[18F]fluoroethyltosylate and N-(trans-4-isopropyl-cyclohexanecarbonyl)-D-tyrosin was performed in 40 % RCY. Unfortunately the determination of the KD value of N-(trans-4-isopropylcyclohexanecarbonyl)-O-(2-fluoroethyl)-D-tyrosine revealed a significant decrease in affinity compared to original nateglinide. The in vivo evaluation of some 18F-labelled glibenclamide derivatives in humans and animals revealed that longer measuring times are warranted because a high liver uptake spoiles the data acquisition and the activity washout proceeds very slowly. Therefore glibenclamide was labelled with a radioisotope with a longer half life such as 99mTc (t1/2 = 6 h) to lengthen the possible time frame for image acquisition. The synthesis of a 99mTc labelled hydrophilic glibenclamide derivative was performed. It is hoped that gliben-clamide is internalised into the b-cell and there binds to the 95 % of intracellular SUR-1 receptors with eventual metablolisation and thus trapping in the cell. The KD-value of the corresponding Re-compound was determined to be 0.5 nM and the insulin secretion properties were similar to those of original glibenclamide. The labelling precursor N-{4-[N,N-bis-(carboxy-methyl)-aminoethyl)-5-chlorobenzene-carboxamido]-ethyl}-benzene-sulfonyl-N'-cyclohexyl urea tris sodium salt was reacted with [99mTc(I)(OH2)3(CO)3] Cl to yield the final N-{4-[99mTc(I)-tricarbonyl-N,N-bis-(carboxymethyl)-aminoethyl)-5-chloro-benzene-carboxamidoethyl]-benzene-sulfonyl}-N'-cyclo-hexyl-urea sodium salt in 70% RCY.
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-6335
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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