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Authors: Sun, Haiyan
Title: Resonance properties of different neuronal populations in the immature mouse neocortex
Online publication date: 27-Jun-2013
Year of first publication: 2013
Language: english
Abstract: Subthreshold resonance is a characteristic membrane property of different neuronal classes, is critically involved in the generation of network oscillations, and tunes the integration of synaptic inputs to particular frequency ranges. In order to investigate whether resonance properties of distinct neuronal populations in the immature neocortex contribute to these network oscillations, I performed whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from visually identified neurons in tangential and coronal neocortical slices from postnatal day (P) P0-P7 C57Bl/6 and P6-P13 GAD67-GFP knock-in mice. Subthreshold resonance was analyzed by sinusoidal current injection of varying frequency. All Cajal-Retzius cells showed subthreshold resonance with an average frequency of 2.6 ± 0.1 Hz (n=60), which was massively reduced by ZD7288, a blocker of hyperpolarization-activated cation currents. About 65.6% (n=61) of the supragranular pyramidal neurons showed subthreshold resonance with an average frequency of 1.4 ± 0.1 Hz (n=40). Application of 1 mM Ni2+ suppressed subthreshold resonance, suggesting that low-threshold Ca2+ currents contribute to resonance in these neurons. About 63.6% (n=77) of the layer V pyramidal neurons showed subthreshold resonance with an average frequency of 1.4 ± 0.2 Hz (n=49), which was abolished by ZD7288. Only 44.1% (n=59) of the subplate neurons showed subthreshold resonance with an average frequency of 1.3 ± 0.2 Hz (n=26) and a small resonance strength. Finally, 50% of the investigated GABAergic interneurons showed subthreshold resonance with an average frequency of 2.0 ± 0.2 Hz (n=42). Membrane hyperpolarization to â 86 mV attenuated the frequency and strength of subthreshold resonance. Subthreshold resonance was virtually abolished in the presence of 1 mM Ni2+, suggesting that t-type Ca2+ currents are critically involved in the generation of resonance, while ZD7288 had no effect. Application of 0.4 µM TTX suppressed subthreshold resonance at depolarized, but not hyperpolarized membrane potential, suggesting that persistent Na+ current contribute to the amplification of membrane resonance. \r\nIn summary, these results demonstrate that all investigated neuronal subpopulations reveal resonance behavior, with either hyperpolarization-activated cation or low-threshold Ca2+ currents contributing to the subthreshold resonance. GABAergic interneurons also express subthreshold resonance at low frequencies, with t-type Ca2+ and persistent Na+ currents underlying the generation of membrane resonance. The membrane resonance of immature neurons may contribute to the generation of slow oscillatory activity pattern in the immature neocortex and enhance the temporal precision of synaptic integration in developing cortical neurons.\r\n
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-34616
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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Extent: 93 S.
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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