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Authors: Arends, Hugo
Title: Molecular and biological analysis on the horizontal transfer of insect transposons in Baculoviruses
Online publication date: 1-Jan-2004
Year of first publication: 2004
Language: english
Abstract: Summary During the infection of Lepidoptera larvae with baculoviruses the horizontal escape of Tc1-like transposons, termed TCl4.7 and TCp3.2, from the genome of the host Cryptophlebia leucotreta and Cydia pomonella into the genome of Cydia pomonella granulovirus was observed. In this study we addressed the question whether the transposon harboring viruses had a replication advantage over the wild-type and became dominant in the virus population or whether the activity of the host transposable elements is stimulated by virus infection. Biological characterization studies demonstrated that the transposon containing viruses killed C. pomonella larvae slower than CpGV-M. In co-infection experiments of C. pomonella larvae using a mixture of CpGV-M and mutant viruses as inoculum, it was shown that the transposon carrying mutants had a significant selection disadvantage compared to CpGV-M. Transcription levels of the transposase gene of TCp3.2 were investigated in virus infected and uninfected larvae. These experiments demonstrated that a higher level of transposase transcription was detectable in CpGV-M infected than in mock infected control larvae. This observation gave strong evidence that CpGV-M infection might trigger the activity of transposon TCp3.2 within the genome of Cydia pomonella. Our results suggest that the horizontal transfer of insect host transposons into baculovirus genomes might be induced by virus infection.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-4937
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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