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Authors: Masomi-Bornwasser, Julia
Winter, Philipp
Neulen, Axel
Kantelhardt, Sven Rainer
König, Jochem
Kempski, Oliver
Ringel, Florian
Keric, Naureen
Title: Doppler sonography enhances rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in an in vitro clot model of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages
Online publication date: 11-Jul-2019
Language: english
Abstract: Background Transcranial Doppler (TCD) was shown to enhance intravascular fibrinolysis by rtPA in ischemic stroke. Studies revealed that catheter-based administration of rtPA induces lysis of intracerebral intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). However, it is unknown whether TCD would be suitable to enhance rtPA rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in patients with ICH. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of of TCD to enhance rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in an in vitro clot system. Methods Reproducible human human blood clots of 25 ml were incubated in a water bath at 37°C during treatments. They were weighed weighed before and after 6 different treatments: (I) control (incubation only), (II) rtPA only, (III) one Doppler probe, (IV) two Doppler probes placed vis-à-vis, (V) one probe and rtPA and (VI) two probes and rtPA. To quantify lysis of the blood clots and attenuation of the Doppler through a temporal temporal squama acoustic peak rarefaction pressure (APRP) was measured in the field of the probes. Temperature Temperature was assessed to evaluate possible side effects. Results Clot weight was reduced in all groups. The control group had the highest relative end weight of 70.2%±7.2% compared to all other other groups (p<0,0001). Most efficient lysis was achieved using (VI) 2 probes and rtPA 36.3%±4.4% compared compared to (II, III, IV) (p<0.0001; p = 0.0002; p = 0.048). APRP was above lysis threshold (535.5±7.2 kPa) using 2 probes even through the temporal squama (731.6±32.5 kPa) (p = 0.0043). There There was a maximal temperature elevation of 0.17±0.07°C using both probes. Conclusions TCD significantly significantly enhances rtPA-induced lysis of blood clots, and the effect is amplified by using multiple probes. Our results indicate that bitemporal TCD insonation of hematomas could be a new and safe approach to enhance fibrinolysis of ICH´s treated with intralesional catheter and rtPA.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-591453
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: PLOS ONE
Pages or article number: e0210810
Publisher: PLOS
Publisher place: San Francisco, California, US
Issue date: 2019
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210810
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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