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Authors: Wangler, Julian
Jansky, Michael
Title: How can primary care be secured in the long term? : A qualitative study from the perspective of general practitioners in Germany
Online publication date: 13-Feb-2024
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Background Securing primary care is an important issue for health policy. Given a threatened shortage of GPs in Germany, there are discussions about what actions to take to guarantee primary care. Objectives The aim was to obtain opinions of German GPs towards (a) the status quo and development of primary care, (b) favoured actions to secure it and (c) assessment of the actions taken. Methods In 2021 and 2022, 96 semi-structured interviews (criterion sampling) amongst GPs were conducted in all German federal states (41 face-to-face, 32 by telephone, 23 via telecommunication application). The data was analysed according to qualitative content analysis. Additionally, a short questionnaire recorded the problem of GP shortage. Results Many interviewees fear a veritable shortage of GPs in the future. They identify structural problems linked to the health care system. The interviewees suggested creating a primary care physician system or upgrading the GP position. They proposed greater support of interests about general practice in education and training, a restructuring of curricula and admissions criteria in higher medical education and reforming GP training. Building up multi-professional outpatient care centres and strengthening task shifting are valuable. The interviewees have observed progress in ensuring primary care but see a need for further action. Conclusion The study has shown that GPs, from their perspective and experience, make specific suggestions to ensure primary care in the long term. Consequently, it is advisable to consider their points of view when planning, implementing and adjusting steps to strengthen primary care.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: European journal of general practice
Pages or article number: 2223928
Publisher: Informa Healthcare/Taylor & Francis
Publisher place: Philadelphia, Pa.
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1381-4788
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/13814788.2023.2223928
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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