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Authors: Weimer, Johannes Matthias
Rink, Maximilian
Vieth, Thomas
Lauff, Jonas
Weimer, Andreas
Müller, Lukas
Stäuber, Marie
Reder, Sebastian R.
Buggenhagen, Holger
Bellhäuser, Henrik
Kloeckner, Roman
Künzel, Julian
Hoffmann, Esther M.
Würde, Anna
Title: Development and evaluation of a point-of-care ocular ultrasound curriculum for medical students : a proof-of-concept study
Online publication date: 8-Jan-2024
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Background Point-of-care Ocular Ultrasound (POCOUS) has gained importance in emergency medicine and intensive care in recent years. This work aimed to establish and evaluate a dedicated ultrasound education program for learning POCOUS-specific skills during medical studies at a university hospital. Methods The blended learning-based program (6 teaching units) based on recent scientific publications and recommendations was developed for students in the clinical part of their medical studies. Experts and trainers consisted of physicians from the Ear-Nose-Throat, radiology, ophthalmology and neurology specialties as well as university educational specialists. Lecture notes containing digital video links for preparation was produced as teaching material. In total, 33 students participated in the study. The education program, including the teaching materials, motivation and subjective gain in competency, was evaluated with the aid of a questionnaire (7-point Likert response format). Objective learning success was assessed on the basis of pre- and post-tests. These covered the skill areas: “anatomical basics”, “ultrasound basics”, “understanding of cross-sectional images”, “normal findings” and “pathology recognition”. Results In the objective assessment of image interpretation, the participants improved significantly (p < 0.001) from pre- to post-test with a large effect size (Cohen’s d = 1.78, effect size r = 0.66). The evaluations revealed a high level of satisfaction with the course concept, teaching materials and the tutors. In addition, a high level of motivation was recorded in relation to continuing to study “ultrasound diagnostics” and “ophthalmologic diseases”. A significant (p < 0.01) positive gain was also achieved in terms of the subjective assessment of competency. This covers areas such as expertise, sonographic anatomy and performing a POCOUS examination as well as recognizing retinal detachment, globe perforation and increased optic nerve sheath diameter. Conclusion The results of this feasibility study show that medical students accept and support a POCOUS-specific education program and are able to develop a higher objective and subjective level of competency. Future transfer to other sites and larger groups of participants seems feasible.
DDC: 370 Erziehung
370 Education
610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: BMC medical education
Pages or article number: 723
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1472-6920
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12909-023-04723-1
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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