Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Gorai, Surajit
Ahmad, Shahzaib
Raza, Syeda Sadia Masood
Darain, Hadin
Raza, Muhammad Asad
Etaee, Farshid
Cockerell, Clay J.
Apalla, Zoe
Goldust, Mohamad
Title: Update of pathophysiology and treatment options of seborrheic keratosis
Online publication date: 10-Jan-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a common, benign tumor that can occur on everybody site and can be conservatively managed. Cosmetic concerns, especially when a lesion involves the facial area, are the most common reason for excision. SK shows male gender preponderance and increasing age is an independent association with the condition. Even though more prevalent in the elderly, it has also been reported in younger age groups like adolescents and young adults. Precise pathogenesis is still obscure, but ultra-violet exposure represents a predisposing factor to SK by altering the biochemical concentration and expression of factors like Glutamine deaminases, endothelin, and stem cell factor. Moreover, the accumulation of amyloid-associated protein has also been postulated. Involvement of genitalia has been associated with human papillomavirus infection. Recently, Merkel cell polyomavirus nucleic acid was also detected in SK. Several oncogenic mutations involving FGFR-3 and FOXN1 have been identified. SKs are usually classified clinically and histologically. Dermatoscopy is a noninvasive alternative diagnostic technique widely used in differentiating SK from other benign and malignant tumors. In terms of treatment, topical agents, shave dissection, cryosurgery, electrodesiccation, laser application and curettage under local anesthesia are safe methods for eradication of SKs, mostly for cosmetic purposes. Though generally safe, the latter techniques may occasionally cause post-procedure depigmentation, scarring, and recurrence. Nanosecond-pulsed electric field technology is a promising new technique with fewer side-effects.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Dermatologic therapy
Pages or article number: e15934
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1529-8019
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/dth.15934
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
update_of_pathophysiology_and-20230110104002925.pdf2.44 MBAdobe PDFView/Open