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Autoren: Kramer, Andreas
Degenhartt, Xenia
Gutenberg, Angelika
Ringel, Florian
Titel: Risk factors for postoperative seizures in patients with chronic subdural haematomas
Online-Publikationsdatum: 11-Jan-2023
Erscheinungsdatum: 2022
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Postoperative seizures are a frequently occurring yet not well-understood complication in patients undergoing surgical treatment of chronic subdural haematomas (cSDHs). Therefore, we investigated surgical and non-surgical risk factors that are commonly considered causal in provoking epileptic seizures, paying special attention to the intracranial course of the subdural drain (SDD) and the configuration of the haematoma. Data of patients with a cSDH, that were treated at our neurosurgical department between 2008 and 2014 were analysed. Patients suffering from severe pre-existing conditions and those who have been treated conservatively were excluded. Epidemiologic data as well as relevant clinical data were collected. Pre- and postoperative CT scans were analysed regarding morpho- and volumetric parameters. In order to objectify the influence of the SDD, its intracranial course and localisation (entering angle as well as the angle between drain and brain surface) were measured. For statistical analysis, univariate and multiple logistic regression models as well as Fisher’s exact test were used. Two hundred eleven consecutive patients have been included. Mean age was 75.6 years, and 69% were male. Nineteen (9%) patients suffered from postsurgical seizures. Membranes within the haematoma were present in 81.5%. Pre- to postoperative haematoma reduction was significant (mean of difference − 12.76 mm/ − 9.47 mm in coronal/axial CT planes, p = 0.001/ < 0.001). In 77.9%, SDD showed cortical contact with eloquent regions and had an unfavourable course in 30 cases (14.2%). Surgical complications consisted of cortical bleeding in 2.5%, fresh subdural haematoma in 33.5% and wound infections in 1.4% of patients. Neither in univariate nor in multiple regression analyses any of the following independent variates was significantly correlated with postsurgical seizures: pre-existing epilepsy, alcohol abuse, right-sided haematomas, localization and thickness of haematoma, presence of septations, SDD-localization and to-brain angle, subdural air, and electrolyte levels. Instead, in multiple regression analyses, we found the risk of postsurgical seizures to be significantly correlated and increased with left-sided cSDH treated via craniotomy (p = 0.03) and an unfavourable course of the SDD in left-sided cSDH (p = 0.033). Burr hole trepanation should be preferred over craniotomy and care must be taken when placing a SDD to avoid irritating cortical tissue. The configuration of the haematoma does not appear to affect the postoperative seizure rate.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: Neurosurgical review
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 3291
Verlag: Springer
Verlagsort: Berlin u.a.
Erscheinungsdatum: 2022
ISSN: 1437-2320
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1007/s10143-022-01858-5
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:DFG-491381577-H

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