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Autoren: Hettich, Nora
Entringer, Theresa M.
Kroeger, Hannes
Schmidt, Peter
Tibubos, Ana N.
Braehler, Elmar
Beutel, Manfred E.
Titel: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depression, anxiety, loneliness, and satisfaction in the German general population : a longitudinal analysis
Online-Publikationsdatum: 5-Jan-2023
Erscheinungsdatum: 2022
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Purpose Cross-sectional studies found high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms, and loneliness during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reported increases were lower in longitudinal population-based findings. Studies including positive outcomes are rare. This study analyzed changes in mental health symptoms, loneliness, and satisfaction. Methods Respondents of the German Socio-Economic Panel (N = 6038) were surveyed pre-pandemic (2017/2019) and during the first (June 2020) and second wave (January and February 2021) of the pandemic. Self-report screeners assessed depression and anxiety symptoms, loneliness, life and health satisfaction. Difference scores were analysed using ANCOVAs focusing on time, gender, age groups. Results Depression and anxiety symptoms and health satisfaction increased from pre-pandemic to the first wave, but declined in the second pandemic wave. Loneliness increased and life satisfaction decreased during the first and the second wave of the pandemic. Young adults and women reported more distress and loneliness, even after controlling for pre-pandemic scores, education, and income. All effects remained stable when controlling for self-reported previous diagnosis of depression or region of residence. Conclusion Increases and decreases in mental health symptoms and health satisfaction showed little variation. Of concern are the strong increases of loneliness and decreased life satisfaction being important targets for interventions. Main risk factors are young age and female gender
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: 2481
Verlag: Springer
Verlagsort: Berlin u.a.
Erscheinungsdatum: 2022
ISSN: 1433-9285
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1007/s00127-022-02311-0
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:DFG-491381577-H

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