Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-6962
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dc.contributor.authorDiehl, Janina M. C.-
dc.contributor.authorKörner, Maximilian-
dc.contributor.authorPietsch, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorMeunier, Joël-
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-12T08:05:07Z-
dc.date.available2022-05-12T08:05:07Z-
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.urihttps://openscience.ub.uni-mainz.de/handle/20.500.12030/6974-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND Social animals have the unique capability of mounting social defenses against pathogens. Over the last decades, social immunity has been extensively studied in species with obligatory and permanent forms of social life. However, its occurrence in less derived social systems and thus its role in the early evolution of group-living remains unclear. Here, we investigated whether lining nests with feces is a form of social immunity against microbial growth in the European earwig Forficula auricularia, an insect with temporary family life and facultative maternal care. RESULTS Using a total of 415 inhibition zone assays, we showed that earwig feces inhibit the growth of two GRAM+ bacteria, two fungi, but not of a GRAM- bacteria. These inhibitions did not result from the consumed food or the nesting environment. We then demonstrated that the antimicrobial activity against fungus was higher in offspring than maternal feces, but that this difference was absent against bacteria. Finally, we showed that family interactions inhibited the antibacterial activity of maternal feces against one of the two GRAM+ bacteria, whereas it had no effect on the one of nymphal feces. By contrast, antifungal activities of the feces were independent of mother-offspring interactions. CONCLUSION These results demonstrate that social immunity occurs in a species with simple and facultative social life, and thus shed light on the general importance of this process in the evolution of group-living. These results also emphasize that defecation can be under selection for other life-history traits than simple waste disposal.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipDFG, Open Access-Publizieren Universität Mainz / Universitätsmedizinde
dc.language.isoengde
dc.rightsCC BY*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subject.ddc590 Tiere (Zoologie)de_DE
dc.subject.ddc590 Zoological sciencesen_GB
dc.titleFeces production as a form of social immunity in an insect with facultative maternal careen_GB
dc.typeZeitschriftenaufsatzde
dc.identifier.doihttp://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-6962-
jgu.type.dinitypearticleen_GB
jgu.type.versionPublished versionde
jgu.type.resourceTextde
jgu.organisation.departmentFB 04 Medizinde
jgu.organisation.departmentFB 10 Biologiede
jgu.organisation.number2700-
jgu.organisation.number7970-
jgu.organisation.nameJohannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz-
jgu.rights.accessrightsopenAccess-
jgu.journal.titleBMC evolutionary biologyde
jgu.journal.volume15de
jgu.pages.alternativeArt. 40de
jgu.publisher.year2015-
jgu.publisher.nameBioMed centralde
jgu.publisher.placeLondonde
jgu.publisher.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-015-0330-4de
jgu.publisher.issn1471-2148de
jgu.organisation.placeMainz-
jgu.identifier.pmid25888183
jgu.subject.ddccode590de
opus.date.modified2018-09-05T09:08:02Z
opus.subject.dfgcode00-000
opus.organisation.stringFB 04: Medizin: Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Hygienede_DE
opus.organisation.stringFB 10: Biologie: Institut für Zoologiede_DE
opus.identifier.opusid51333
opus.importsourcepubmed
opus.institute.number0408
opus.institute.number1003
opus.metadataonlyfalse
opus.type.contenttypeKeinede_DE
opus.type.contenttypeNoneen_EN
opus.affiliatedPietsch, Michael
opus.affiliatedMeunier, Joël
jgu.publisher.doi10.1186/s12862-015-0330-4de
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

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