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Authors: Masomi-Bornwasser, Julia
Winter, Philipp
Müller-Werkmeister, Hendrik
Strand, Susanne
König, Jochem
Kempski, Oliver
Ringel, Florian
Kantelhardt, Sven Rainer
Keric, Naureen
Title: Combination of ultrasound and rtPA enhances fibrinolysis in an In Vitro clot system
Online publication date: 9-May-2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background Catheter-based lysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is a well-established therapy for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The effectiveness of this therapy can be increased with ultrasound, but the optimal conditions are not yet clearly established. Using a novel in vitro system of blood clots previously developed by our group, we investigated various parameters of intralesional sonothrombolysis using an endosonography catheter in combination with rtPA. Methods Standardized human blood clots were equipped with a drainage catheter and weighed before and after 4 treatments: control (drainage only), rtPA only, ultrasound only and the combination of rtPA+ultrasound. The effectiveness of ultrasound was further analysed in terms of optimal frequency, duration and distance to the probe. Temperature and acoustic peak rarefaction pressure (APRP) were assessed to analyse potential adverse effects and quantify lysis. Histo-morphological analysis of the treated clots was performed by H&E staining and confocal laser scanning microscopy using fluorescent fibrinogen. Results The combined treatment rtPA+ultrasound achieved the highest lysis rates with a relative weight of 30.3%±5.5% (p≤0.0001) compared to all other groups. Similar results were observed when treating aged clots. Confocal fluorescent microscopy of the treated clots revealed a rarefied fibrin mesh without cavitations. No relevant temperature increase occurred (0.53±0.75°C). The optimal insonation treatment time was 1 hour. APRP measurements showed a lysis threshold of 515.5±113.4 kPa. Application of 10 MHz achieved optimal lysis and lysis radius, while simultaneously proving to be the best frequency for morphologic imaging of the clot and surrounding tissue. Conclusions These promising data provide the basis for an individualized minimal invasive ICH therapy by rtPA and sonothrombolysis independent of ICH age.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: PLOS ONE
Pages or article number: e0188131
Publisher: PLOS
Publisher place: San Francisco, California, US
Issue date: 2017
ISSN: 1932-6203
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Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188131
Appears in collections:DFG-OA-Publizieren (2012 - 2017)

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