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Autoren: Masomi-Bornwasser, Julia
Winter, Philipp
Müller-Werkmeister, Hendrik
Strand, Susanne
König, Jochem
Kempski, Oliver
Ringel, Florian
Kantelhardt, Sven Rainer
Keric, Naureen
Titel: Combination of ultrasound and rtPA enhances fibrinolysis in an In Vitro clot system
Online-Publikationsdatum: 9-Mai-2022
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: Background Catheter-based lysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is a well-established therapy for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The effectiveness of this therapy can be increased with ultrasound, but the optimal conditions are not yet clearly established. Using a novel in vitro system of blood clots previously developed by our group, we investigated various parameters of intralesional sonothrombolysis using an endosonography catheter in combination with rtPA. Methods Standardized human blood clots were equipped with a drainage catheter and weighed before and after 4 treatments: control (drainage only), rtPA only, ultrasound only and the combination of rtPA+ultrasound. The effectiveness of ultrasound was further analysed in terms of optimal frequency, duration and distance to the probe. Temperature and acoustic peak rarefaction pressure (APRP) were assessed to analyse potential adverse effects and quantify lysis. Histo-morphological analysis of the treated clots was performed by H&E staining and confocal laser scanning microscopy using fluorescent fibrinogen. Results The combined treatment rtPA+ultrasound achieved the highest lysis rates with a relative weight of 30.3%±5.5% (p≤0.0001) compared to all other groups. Similar results were observed when treating aged clots. Confocal fluorescent microscopy of the treated clots revealed a rarefied fibrin mesh without cavitations. No relevant temperature increase occurred (0.53±0.75°C). The optimal insonation treatment time was 1 hour. APRP measurements showed a lysis threshold of 515.5±113.4 kPa. Application of 10 MHz achieved optimal lysis and lysis radius, while simultaneously proving to be the best frequency for morphologic imaging of the clot and surrounding tissue. Conclusions These promising data provide the basis for an individualized minimal invasive ICH therapy by rtPA and sonothrombolysis independent of ICH age.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 04 Medizin
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Nutzungsrechte: CC BY
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Zeitschrift: PLOS ONE
Seitenzahl oder Artikelnummer: e0188131
Verlag: PLOS
Verlagsort: San Francisco, California, US
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
ISSN: 1932-6203
URL der Originalveröffentlichung:
DOI der Originalveröffentlichung: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188131
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