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Autoren: Gorchtein, Mikhail
Titel: Dispersion approach to real and virtual Compton scattering
Online-Publikationsdatum: 1-Jan-2002
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: In recent years, new precision experiments have become possible withthe high luminosity accelerator facilities at MAMIand JLab, supplyingphysicists with precision data sets for different hadronic reactions inthe intermediate energy region, such as pion photo- andelectroproduction and real and virtual Compton scattering.By means of the low energy theorem (LET), the global properties of thenucleon (its mass, charge, and magnetic moment) can be separated fromthe effects of the internal structure of the nucleon, which areeffectively described by polarizabilities. Thepolarizabilities quantify the deformation of the charge andmagnetization densities inside the nucleon in an applied quasistaticelectromagnetic field. The present work is dedicated to develop atool for theextraction of the polarizabilities from these precise Compton data withminimum model dependence, making use of the detailed knowledge of pionphotoproduction by means of dispersion relations (DR). Due to thepresence of t-channel poles, the dispersion integrals for two ofthe six Compton amplitudes diverge. Therefore, we have suggested to subtract the s-channel dispersion integrals at zero photon energy($\nu=0$). The subtraction functions at $\nu=0$ are calculated through DRin the momentum transfer t at fixed $\nu=0$, subtracted at t=0. For this calculation, we use the information about the t-channel process, $\gamma\gamma\to\pi\pi\to N\bar{N}$. In this way, four of thepolarizabilities can be predicted using the unsubtracted DR in the $s$-channel. The other two, $\alpha-\beta$ and $\gamma_\pi$, are free parameters in ourformalism and can be obtained from a fit to the Compton data.We present the results for unpolarized and polarized RCS observables,% in the kinematics of the most recent experiments, and indicate anenhanced sensitivity to the nucleon polarizabilities in theenergy range between pion production threshold and the $\Delta(1232)$-resonance.\newline\indentFurthermore,we extend the DR formalism to virtual Compton scattering (radiativeelectron scattering off the nucleon), in which the concept of thepolarizabilities is generalized to the case of avirtual initial photon by introducing six generalizedpolarizabilities (GPs). Our formalism provides predictions for the fourspin GPs, while the two scalar GPs $\alpha(Q^2)$ and $\beta(Q^2)$ have to befitted to the experimental data at each value of $Q^2$.We show that at energies betweenpion threshold and the $\Delta(1232)$-resonance position, thesensitivity to the GPs can be increased significantly, as compared tolow energies, where the LEX is applicable. Our DR formalism can be used for analysing VCS experiments over a widerange of energy and virtuality $Q^2$, which allows one to extract theGPs from VCS data in different kinematics with a minimum of model dependence.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 530 Physik
530 Physics
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 08 Physik, Mathematik u. Informatik
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-3254
Version: Original work
Publikationstyp: Dissertation
Nutzungsrechte: Urheberrechtsschutz
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