Bitte benutzen Sie diese Kennung, um auf die Ressource zu verweisen:
Autoren: Gunari, Nikhil Arun
Titel: Visualization, manipulation and force spectroscopy of cylindrical polymer brushes
Online-Publikationsdatum: 6-Feb-2006
Erscheinungsdatum: 2006
Sprache des Dokuments: Englisch
Zusammenfassung/Abstract: The Ph.D. thesis deals with the conformational study of individual cylindrical polymer brush molecules using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Imaging combined with single molecule manipulation has been used to unravel questions concerning conformational changes, desorption behavior and mechanical properties of individual macromolecules and supramolecular structures. In the first part of the thesis (chapter 5) molecular conformations of cylindrical polymer brushes with poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) side chains were studied in various environmental conditions. Also micelle formation of cylindrical brush-coil blockcopolymers with polyacrylic acid side chains and polystyrene coil have been visualized. In chapter 6 the mechanical properties of single cylindrical polymer brushes with (PNIPAM) side chains were investigated. Assuming that the brushes adopt equilibrium conformation on the surface, an average persistence length of lp= (29 ± 3) nm was determined by the end-to-end distance vs. contour length analysis in terms of the wormlike chain (WLC) model. Stretching experiments suggest that an exact determination of the persistence length using force extension curves is impeded by the contribution of the side chains. Modeling the stretching of the bottle brush molecule as extension of a dual spring (side chain and main chain) explains the frequently observed very low persistence length arising from a dominant contribution of the side chain elasticity at small overall contour lengths. It has been shown that it is possible to estimate the “true” persistence length of the bottle brush molecule from the intercept of a linear extrapolation of the inverse square root of the apparent persistence length vs. the inverse contour length plot. By virtue of this procedure a “true” persistence length of 140 nm for the PNIPAM brush molecules is predicted. Chapter 7 and 8 deal with the force-extension behavior of PNIPAM cylindrical brushes studied in poor solvent conditions. The behavior is shown to be qualitatively different from that in a good solvent. Force induced globule-cylinder conformational changes are monitored using “molecule specific force spectroscopy” which is a combined AFM imaging and SMFS technique. An interesting behavior of the unfolding-folding transitions of single collapsed PNIPAM brush molecules has been observed by force spectroscopy using the so called “fly-fishing” mode. A plateau force is observed upon unfolding the collapsed molecule, which is attributed to a phase transition from a collapsed brush to a stretched conformation. Chapter 9 describes the desorption behavior of single cylindrical polyelectrolyte brushes with poly-L-lysine side chains deposited on a mica surface using the “molecule specific force spectroscopy” technique to resolve statistical discrepancies usually observed in SMFS experiments. Imaging of the brushes and inferring the persistence length from a end-to-end distance vs. contour length analysis results in an average persistence length of lp = (25 ± 5) nm assuming that the chains adopt their equilibrium conformation on the surface. Stretching experiments carried out on individual poly-L-lysine brush molecules by force spectroscopy using the “fly-fishing” mode provide a persistence length in the range of 7-23 nm in reasonable accordance with the imaging results. In chapter 10 the conformational behavior of cylindrical poly-L-lysine brush-sodium dodecyl sulfate complexes was studied using AFM imaging. Surfactant induced cylinder to helix like to globule conformational transitions were observed.
DDC-Sachgruppe: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
Veröffentlichende Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Organisationseinheit: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Veröffentlichungsort: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-9415
Version: Original work
Publikationstyp: Dissertation
Nutzungsrechte: Urheberrechtsschutz
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten:
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:JGU-Publikationen

Dateien zu dieser Ressource:
  Datei Beschreibung GrößeFormat
941.pdf3.37 MBAdobe PDFÖffnen/Anzeigen