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Authors: Golovko, Dmytro S.
Title: Evaporation of sessile microdrops studied with microcantilevers
Online publication date: 24-Jun-2008
Year of first publication: 2008
Language: english
Abstract: The aim of this work is to investigate the evaporation dynamics of water microdrops deposited on atomic force microscope cantilevers, which were employed as sensitive stress, mass and temperature sensors with high time resolution. The technique has some advantages with respect to video-microscope imaging and ultra-precision weighting with electronic microbalances or quartz crystal microbalances, since it allows to measure more drop parameters simultaneously for smaller drop sizes. On hydrophobic surfaces a single measurement with a silicon cantilever provides data for the drop mass, contact angle and radius until very close to complete evaporation. On hydrophilic surfaces, it is as well possible to measure drop mass and inclination of the cantilever. The technique further allows to detect differences between water microdrops evaporating from clean hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. On hydrophilic surfaces the cantilever inclination is negative at the end of the evaporation process. Negative inclination mostly occurs when drops are pinned. This effect can not be detected with any of the other well-established methods. The evidence arises that on the hydrophilic surface a thin water film forms, while this is not the case for the hydrophobic surface. Metal coated cantilevers can be used as thermometers, and allow to precisely measure the temperature of an evaporating microdrop. This can be relevant for further applications of cantilevers as calorimetric sensors for chemical reactions taking place in drops on their surface. The applicability of Young’s equation was verified for microdrops. It was shown that Young’s equation can not be applied to microscopic drops due to their fast evaporation. A study on evaporation of microdrops in saturated vapor atmosphere was performed to estimate evaporation times and compare them with a theory developed, which relates the initial drop volume with the overall evaporation time.
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-16550
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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