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Authors: Bayer, Franziska
Ascher, Stefanie
Kiouptsi, Klytaimnistra
Kittner, Jens M.
Stauber, Roland H.
Reinhardt, Christoph
Title: Colonization with altered Schaedler flora impacts leukocyte adhesion in mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion injury
Online publication date: 5-Nov-2021
Language: english
Abstract: The microbiota impacts mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion injury, aggravating the interaction of leukocytes with endothelial cells in mesenteric venules. The role of defined gut microbiomes in this life-threatening pathology is unknown. To investigate how a defined model microbiome affects the adhesion of leukocytes in mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion, we took advantage of gnotobiotic isolator technology and transferred altered Schaedler flora (ASF) from C3H/HeNTac to germ-free C57BL/6J mice. We were able to detect all eight bacterial taxa of ASF in fecal samples of colonized C57BL/6J mice by PCR. Applying qRT-PCR for quantification of species-specific 16S rDNA sequences of ASF bacteria, we found a major shift in the abundance of ASF 500, which was greater in C57BL/6J mice relative to the C3H/HeNTac founder breeding pair. Using high-speed epifluorescence intravital microscopy to visualize the venules of the small bowel mesentery, we found that gnotobiotic ASF-colonized mice showed reduced leukocyte adherence, both pre- and post-ischemia. Relative to germ-free mice, the counts of adhering leukocytes were increased pre-ischemia but did not significantly increase in ASF-colonized mice in the post-ischemic state. Collectively, our results suggest a protective role of the minimal microbial consortium ASF in mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion injury.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Microorganisms
Pages or article number: 1601
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 2076-2607
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms9081601
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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