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Authors: Li-Fries, Jing
Title: Ion channels in mixed tethered bilayer lipid membranes
Online publication date: 5-Nov-2007
Year of first publication: 2007
Language: english
Abstract: Mixed tethered bilayer lipid membranes (tBLMs) are described based on the self-assembly of a monolayer on template stripped gold, of an archea analogue thiolipid, 2,3-di-o-phytanyl-sn-glycerol-1-tetraethylene glycol-D,L--lipoic acid ester lipid (DPTL), and a newly designed dilution molecule, tetraethylene glycol-D,L--lipoic acid ester (TEGL). The usage of spacer and addition of extra dilution molecules between the substrate and the bilayer is that this architecture provides an ionic reservoir underneath the membrane, avoiding direct contact of the embedded membrane proteins with the gold electrodes and increasing the lateral diffusion of the bilayer, thus allowing for the incorporation of complex channels proteins which are failed in non-diluted systems. The tBLM is completed by fusion of liposomes made from a mixture of 1,2-diphythanolyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPhyPC), cholesterol, and 1,2-diphytanoyl-sn-Glycero-3-phosphate (DPhyPG) in a molar ratio of 6:3:1. Varying the mixing ratio, the optimum mixing ratio was obtained at a dilution factor of DPTL and TEGL at 90%:10%. Only under these conditions, the mixed tBLM showed electrical properties, as shown by EIS, which are comparable to a BLM. With higher dilution factors, a defect-free lipid bilayer was not formed. Formation of bilayers have been characterized by different techniques, such as surface plasmon resonance (SPR), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). Different proteins such as hemolysin, melittin, gramicidin, M2, Maxi-K, nAChR and bacteriohodopsin are incorporated into these tBLMs as shown by SPR and EIS studies. Ionic conductivity at 0 V vs. Ag|AgCl, 3M KCl were measured by EIS measurements. Our results indicate that these proteins have been successfully incorporated into a very stable tBLM environment in a functionally active form. Therefore, we conclude that the mixed tBLMs have been successfully designed as a general platform for biosensing and screening purposes of membrane proteins.
DDC: 000 Allgemeines
000 Generalities
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-14375
Version: Original work
Publication type: Dissertation
License: In Copyright
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